PARROTFISH
SCARIDAE
Stoplight Parrotfish
Sparisoma viride
    Ecological Descriptors
Habitat Size (cm) Diet Behaviour Sex 
Co, R 65 Veg, Cor I, Ter (Sh) F/ PGH
 
 
General:
Parrotfish owe their name to the shape of their mouth. Instead of teeth they have two beak-like plates, like parrots. They have even rows of large, noticeable scales on their bodies. The development of parrotfishes is complex and accompanied by a series of changes in color (polychromatism). Individuals usually mature as females (Initial Phase), with some later changing to the male sex (Terminal Phase). The Stoplight Parrotfish is one of those slightly unusual in this respect (see below)

Description:
Terminal phase: "Super Males" body emerald green with a bright
yellow spot at the upper corner of the gill cover, a yellow area at the base of the tail and a salmon to yellow crescent on the tail. The female usually has red-brown upper parts with a red belly and conspicuous white dots on the body.
Initial phase: Upper body and head mottled reddish brown, mixed with
white scales and a crescent on the tail. Belly and tail red.
Juvenile phase: Body dark reddish brown with
three rows of widely spaced white spots. Belly lighter and a white bar on the tail. Almost indistinguisable visually from Redtail and Yellowtail Parrotfishes.

Ecology
They swim about reefs using their pectoral fins; the tail is only used for burst of speed. They use their 'beaks' to scrape algae and polyps from corals and rocks. They are often seen defecating, what looks like white clouds, which consists mainly of coral limestone. Common to 49 m depth

Life Cycle:
The Stoplight Parrotfish differs from most other Parrotfish, in that many individuals develop directly into males. The younger and not so colorful males fertilize together with other males the eggs of one single female, while colorful, large males have each their own territory where one male fertilizes one female. Lives for at least 9 years.
Stoplight Parrotfish
"Super Male" (TP)
Stoplight Parrotfish Juvenile
Stoplight Parrotfish Juvenile
Stoplight Parrotfish IP
Stoplight Parrotfish
"Super Male" (TP)
(C) Adona9
68
152
68
153
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Stoplight Parrotfish Juvenile