HABITAT  (Primary)
Be Benthic Living on/ in the sea floor substrate
Br Brackish Brackish water (e.g. some lagoons and estuaries)
Co Coral Associated with coral reefs
Cr Cryptic Hiding or camouflaged
Dem Demersal Living close to sea floor
EuLit Eulittoral Zone between Spring Tide High and Low water: frequently covered with water (=intertidal zone)
EPel Epipelagic The highest layers of water (close to surface)
F Freshwater Freshwater
M Mud Associated with muddy bottoms
Man Mangrove Associated with mangroves
Pel Pelagic Free swimming
R Rocks Rocks and boulders
S Sand Associated with sandy bottoms. Includes Sea Grass beds.
Sublittoral Zone below Spring Tide Low water: Always covered with water
SupLit Supralittoral Associated with splash zone of beach, rarely covered with water
Ter Terrestial Primarily land-living (may use water for reproduction)
I Individual Adults often living alone
Pr Pair forming Long-term pair formation (not just for spawning)
Sh Shoaling Often found in shoals as adults. Includes loose aggregations
Ter Territorial Territorial (either by one sex or pairs)
F Fixed (Gonochorism) No changes in sex, single sex
PAH Protandric
Male first sequential
PGH Protogynous
Female first sequential hermaphroditism, including those with different Initial Phase (IP) and Terminal Phase (TP) forms
SH Simultaneous
Both male and female at the same time
* Primary diet(s) will be listed first (secondary in brackets)
* Primary behaviour will be listed first, secondary in brackets e.g. occasional shoaling (as adults)
In cm unless specified
Bry Bryozoans "Moss Animals"
Car Carnivore Opportunistic general carnivore
Cle Cleaner Feeds on ectoparasites on fish etc
Cor Coralivore Specialist feeder on coral polyps
Cru Crustaceans Feeding on crabs, shrimps etc
Det Detritivore Decaying organic matter
Gor Gorgonians Sea Fans, Sea whips etc
Herb Herbivore Algal feeder (may include seagrass for some species)
Jel Jellyfish Medusae - Free swimming Coelenterates (and poss Ctenophores)
Mol Molluscs Molluscs (gastropds, bivalves (excludes cephalopds)
Noct Nocturnal Primarily a nocturnal feeding species
Omn Omnivore Plants, animals, carrion
Pla Plankton Filter feeder
Pisc Piscivore Feeding on fish (and squid)
Sca Scavenger Opportunistic feeder on dead biomass
Spo Sponge Sponges
Tun Tunicates
Tunicates (Sea Squirsts etc)
Veg Vegetarian Feeding on algae
Wor Worms Feeding on Annelid worms
Each page on an individual species will give a brief, tabulated descriptor of various ecological parameters e.g. diet, habitat etc. Below you will find the key to the abbreviations in each column and a description of what they mean.
Note that the descriptors apply to the adult fish, with juveniles often occupying other habitats (e.g. inshore, in mangroves etc. ) and may shoal unlike adults.
Primary habitat listed. N.B. Individuals may be found in other proximate habitats.