PARROTFISH
SCARIDAE
Princess Parrotfish
Scarus taeniopterus
    Ecological Descriptors
Habitat Size (cm) Diet Behaviour Sex 
Co, S 35 Veg I PGH
 
 
General:
Parrotfish owe their name to the shape of their mouth. Instead of teeth they have two beak-like plates, like parrots. They have even rows of large, noticeable scales on their bodies. The development of parrotfishes is complex and accompanied by a series of changes in color (polychromatism). Individuals usually mature as females (Initial Phase), with some later changing to the male sex (Terminal Phase). Large robust scales are prominent.

Description:
Terminal phase:  Body blue to green, with two blue to green stripes extending from the snout and passing across the eye.
Borders of the tail yellow to orange or pink. Midbody with a yellow or orangish stripe, fading toward the rear. A distinct yellow or orange or pink stripe runs along the base of the dorsal fin
Initial  phase: Body brownish with dark stripes. With maturity, the stripes fade and become brown. Fins often become yellowish.
Borders of tail dark.
Juvenile phase: Body with three black stripes, two white stripes and a white belly, often with thin silver stripes. Never has a yellow snout,
upper/ lower borders of tail dark. (Cf Striped Parrotfish)

Ecology
This species is reef and seagrass associated from 1-25m. It is found in shallow clear reefs and seagrass (Thalassia) beds. It forms schools and feeds on algae.  Juveniles are found on seagrass beds. Forms large feeding aggregations and feeds on plants. Sleeps in a mucus cocoon

Life Cycle:
It is a protogynous hermaphrodite. Distinct pairing during breeding.

Remarks:
Initial and juvenile phases of the Princess parrotfish often mix with similar age Striped parrotfish (Scarus iserti). Striped parrotfish can be distinguished by the lack of dark borders on the tail.
Princess Parrotfish TP
Princess Parrotfish Juvenile
Princess Parrotfish IP
Princess Parrotfish Juvenile