| Ecological Descriptors
|S, Co, Man
Body vertically oriented, with a cocked head. Snout trumpet-like with a small mouth. Body encased in protective bony rings. Tail base elongated and finless. The color varies greatly from yellow to reddish orange, brown or even black or two-toned. Head and body with small black spots.
Inhabit seagrass beds and reefs. Curl base of tail around holdfasts or, occasionally, float free. Depth range 0 - 55 m. Small individuals tend to be found in shallower water than large animals. It has been found on gorgonian corals, seagrass, mangroves and Sargassum. Hippocampus reidi are monogonously pair-bonded in the wild. Diet is primarily planton and small crustaceans (e.g. shrimps). They lack both teeth and stomach and due to this inefficient system need to feed almost constantly, with small youngsters consuming up to 3,000 small shrimps daily.
All seahorse species have vital parental care, and many species studied to date have high site fidelity. Ovoviviparous, with the male carrying the eggs in a brood pouch under the tail for the 2 week gestation period. Matures at ~8cm.
(C) Robertson & Van Tassell