| Ecological Descriptors
|Be, S, M
Adults: Pale grey-brown, with 6-8 discrete diamond dark marks, often with pale centers, along center of flank. Rows of pale spots along upper side of body and often indistinct dark saddles across top of back. End of top of tail base with a dark spot plus tail fin with dark rear edge and often dark lower lobe.
Juveniles: 6 -8 black Xs along side of belly before anal fin.
Occurs on the bottom in shallow inshore waters (usually 1 to 20m) over sand or mud bottoms including among seagrasses and lagoons. It can withstand a wide range of environmental conditions. Juveniles use coastal lagoons as nurseries. It is a voracious predator that buries itself in sand or mud to ambush prey. It feeds primarily on fishes and small mobile invertebrates.
Year-round broadcast spawners, with eggs settling on substrate. No parental care.